(Exod. 72:17, Ps. 6:3, Rev. 3:15–17, Gal. 2:5) by the help of His Spirit, (Rom. 4:1–3, Col. 2:17) and partly, holding forth divers instructions of moral duties. Isaiah 10:4, 13–14, 2 Sam. 11:33, Heb. Col. 2:11–12, 1 Cor. (Matt. It was originally drafted to reform the Church of England and to unify the various Christian sects in England at that time. 5:5, Ps. 1. 2:18–19, Jer. It states that the sole doctrinal authority is Scripture, and it agrees with and restates the doctrines of the Trinity and of Christ from the creeds of the early church. This communion which the saints have with Christ, doth not make them in any wise partakers of the substance of His Godhead; or to be equal with Christ in any respect: either of which to affirm is impious and blasphemous. 13:21) and not such as, without the warrant thereof, are devised by men, out of blind zeal, or upon any pretence of good intention. 7:39) And therefore such as profess the true reformed religion should not marry with infidels, papists, or other idolaters: neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are notoriously wicked in their life, or maintain damnable heresies. There is but one only, (Deut. 3:1) Infidelity, or difference in religion, doth not make void the magistrates’just and legal authority, nor free the people from their due obedience to them: (1 Pet. 1:25) and, since the fall, not without a Mediator; nor in the mediation of any other but of Christ alone. 2:7–8, Isa. Marriage is to be between one man and one woman: neither is it lawful for any man to have more than one wife, nor for any woman to have more than one husband, at the same time. 130:4, 1 John 1:6–7), 4. 2:5, 2 Cor. 13:12, Rev. 10:12, Ps. 2:10, 2 Thess. 4:28, 1 Pet. 2:16, Tit. 3:15, Matt. 16:26) trembling at the threatenings, (Isa. Although it be a great sin to condemn or neglect this ordinance, (Luke 7:30, Exod. 3:25–26) and purchased, not only reconciliation, but an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven, for all those whom the Father hath given unto Him. 5:2–4, 6) have their hearts hardened, (Isa. 103:13) protected, (Prov. 28:19, 2 Cor. 9:24, 26, Col. 1:19–20, Eph. 20:7, Lev. 89:31–33, Ps. 6:3–5, Tit. 4:16, Matt. 6:16, Eph. (1 Sam. 4:30, 2 Cor. The visible Church, which is also catholic or universal under the Gospel (not confined to one nation, as before under the law), consists of all those throughout the world that profess the true religion; (1 Cor. 22:1–29, Gen. 49:10, 1 Pet. 16:4), 4. (Luke 12:13–14, John 18:36). 20:4–6, Col. 2:23), 2. Omissions? (1 John 5:12, Acts 4:12), 4. (Heb. Marriage ought not to be within the degrees of consanguinity or affinity forbidden by the Word. 10:5, Rom. The Shorter Catechism 4. 17:16, 18–19, Josh. 8:20, Lam. 4:24) having the law of God written in their hearts, (Rom. 4:11, Luke 17:5, Rom. 14:9, 2 Cor. Proverbs 13:4, Matt. (John 15:4–6, Ezek. (Isa. 4:4) So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion. (James 2:17, 22, 26, Gal. When the English monarchy was restored in 1660, the episcopal form of church government was reinstated, and the Presbyterian confession lost its official status in England. 2:7–8), 2. As God hath appointed the elect unto glory, so hath He, by the eternal and most free purpose of His will, foreordained all the means thereunto. Westminster Confession of Faith Index CHAPTER 1 - Of the Holy Scripture CHAPTER 2 - Of God, and of the Holy Trinity CHAPTER 3 - Of God's Eternal Decree CHAPTER 4 - Of Creation CHAPTER 5 - Of Providence CHAPTER 6 - Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof To these officers the keys of the kingdom of heaven are committed; by virtue whereof, they have power, respectively, to retain, and remit sins; to shut that kingdom against the impenitent, both by the Word, and censures; and to open it unto penitent sinners, by the ministry of the Gospel; and by absolution from censures, as occasion shall require (Matt. (Isa. 13:12, 16–17, Jer. 3:15, 2 Pet. 9:19–21) and against them, (2 Kings 6:6, Dan. 23:6, 1 Cor. 28:19–20), 4. 58:13, Neh. 26:26–28, Mark 14:22–24, Luke 22:19–20, 1 Cor. The Westminster Confession of Faith (1646-1647) with Scripture Proofs 6:14) from the evil of afflictions, the sting of death, the victory of the grave, and everlasting damnation; (Rom. 4:15–16, John 4:24, Luke 24:39) or passions; (Acts 14:11,15) immutable, (James 1:17, Mal. to the Romans There is no other head of the Church but the Lord Jesus Christ. (Matt. 2:14, 16–17, Heb. 32:40, Isa. 1:23, Acts 3:21, Eph. 3:5, Eph. 31:15–17, Isa. 3:27, Rom. 3:24) not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ’s sake alone; nor by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness; but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them, (Rom. (Ezra 9:13–14, Ps. 8:9, 14, Rom. 8:30) and Christ did, in the fulness of time, die for their sins, and rise for their justification: (Gal. 11:21, 23) yet hath He not decreed anything because He foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions. 9:16, Tit. 5:31–32) and, after the divorce, to marry another, as if the offending party were dead. Written over 370 years ago, this confession is a foundational document for dozens of Protestant denominations around the world, guiding tens of thousands of churches in their declarations of faith. 50:10, Mark 9:24, Ps. 26:75, 1 Cor. 8:6, Isa. 8–9, Acts 11:29–30), 3. The Son of God, the second person in the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance and equal with the Father, did, when the fulness of time was come, take upon Him man’s nature, (John 1:1, 14, 1 John 5:20, Phil. In fact, I am convinced that the Westminster Confession is both heady and hearty! 4:18) temporal, (Rom. 90:2, 1 Tim. 2:8), 8. It was adopted by the Church of Scotland in 1647, by various American and English Presbyterian bodies (with some modifications), and by some Congregationalists and Baptists. (1 John. (John 7:38–39, 2 Cor. 15:4, Matt. 4:13) His knowledge is infinite, infallible, and independent upon the creature, (Rom. I. 32:1, Rom. (Heb. 23:3, 1 Pet. 6:16–18), 2. 36:26) renewing their wills, and, by His almighty power, determining them to that which is good, (Ezek. (1 Cor. 2:8) in spirit and truth; (John 4:23–24) as, in private families (Jer. 3:10–18), 3. Marriage was ordained for the mutual help of husband and wife, (Gen. 2:18) for the increase of mankind with a legitimate issue, and of the Church with an holy seed; (Mal. 18:17, Matt. 10:7, Ps. 42:8, 1 Tim. 13:1–4, 1 Pet. (Acts 4:19, Acts 5:29, 1 Cor. 4:10, Amos 9:8–9, Rom. 8:28, John 6:64–65, John 10:26, John 8:47, 1 John 2:19), 7. (Col. 1:18, Eph. (Phil. 28:19–20), 2. 1:2) and Judge of the world: (Acts 17:31) unto whom He did from all eternity give a people, to be His seed, (John 17:6, Ps. (Rom. 1:11–12,14, 1 John 3:16–18, Gal. 40:13–17, Job 9:32–33, 1 Sam. 3:12, Rom. 6:14, 1 John 5:4, Eph. 10:24–25, Acts 2:42, 46, Isa. (Gal. 2. 2:14, Tit. 4:4, 1 Tim. 2:13), 5. 20:15, Eph. 7:25) the abiding of the Spirit, and of the seed of God within them, (John 14:16–17, 1 John 2:27, 1 John 3:9) and the nature of the covenant of grace: (Jer. Westminster Confession of Faith. Although ignorant and wicked men receive the outward elements in this sacrament; yet, they receive not the thing signified thereby; but, by their unworthy coming thereunto, are guilty of the body of the Lord, to their own damnation. 11:5, 6, 20, 2 Pet. Job The 1646 Westminster Confession of Faith is highly esteemed among Calvinists. 6:9–10, Acts 28:26–27), 7. These good works, done in obedience to God’s commandments, are the fruits and evidences of a true and lively faith: (James 2:18, 22) and by them believers manifest their thankfulness, (Ps. 15:8, Exod. 9:2, Matt. 7:29) Beside this law written in their hearts, they received a command, not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, (Gen. 2:17, Gen. 3:8–11, 23) which while they kept, they were happy in their communion with God,and had dominion over the creatures. Corrections? It is not a guess or a wish. 2:6, Isa. 19:21, Eccl. Men ought not to content themselves with a general repentance, but it is every man’s duty to endeavour to repent of his particular sins, particularly. 4:4–5, Gen. 3:15, Rev. 22:20), VI. 13:1–6) And, as Jesus Christ hath appointed a regular government and discipline in his Church, no law of any commonwealth should interfere with, let, or hinder, the due exercise thereof, among the voluntary members of any denomination of Christians, according to their own profession and belief. Chapter 1 – Of the Holy Scripture Chapter 2 – Of God and the Holy Trinity Chapter 3 – Of God’s Eternal Decree Chapter 4 – Of Creation Chapter 5 – Of Providence Chapter 6 – Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof Chapter 7 – Of God’s Covenant with Man Chapter 8 – Of Christ the Mediator Chapter 9 – Of Free Will Chapter 10 – Of Effectual Calling Chapter 11 – Of Justification Chapter 12 – Of Adoption Chapter 13 – Of Sanctification Chapter 14 – Of Saving Faith Chapter 15 – Of Repentance unt… 88, Ps. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men and angels (1 Tim. 9:22–23, Eph. 5:6), 3. Although the light of nature, and the works of creation and providence do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men inexcusable; (Rom. The justification of believers under the old testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the new testament. (Rom. 4:10, John 5:23, 2 Cor. 88), 1. 5:34, 37, James 5:12) Yet, as in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the Word of God, under the new testament as well as under the old; (Heb. 15:13, Eph. 25:31–46, Rom. 20:7, Jer. 31:33), 1. 36:26–27, John 6:44–45), 4. A vow is of the like nature with a promissory oath, and ought to be made with the like religious care, and to be performed with the like faithfulness. As for those wicked and ungodly men whom God, as a righteous Judge, for former sins, doth blind and harden, (Rom. 50:21), 5. (Gen. 1, Heb. 143:2, Ps. 100:2–3, Job 22:2–3, Job 35:7–8, Luke 17:10, Acts 17:24–25), 2. 3:22,24–25,27–28, Tit. At the last day, such as are found alive shall not die, but be changed: (1 Thess. Ezekiel 14:23, Isa. 2:8, Rev. 5:9) out of His mere free grace and love, without any foresight of faith, or good works, or perseverance in either of them, or any other thing in the creature, as conditions, or causes moving Him thereunto: (Rom. 2:14, Tit. 1:6, 1 Pet. Of Justification; XII. There are those who claim that the Westminster Confession of Faith is a scholastic document lacking in pastoral sensitivity but abounding in the dust of theological tomes. 1:24, 26, 28, Rom. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Westminster-Confession, Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope. 51:1) whereby they incur God’s displeasure, (Isa. 34:16, Deut. 1:16, 18), 5. 2:13) (the dominion of the whole body of sin) is destroyed, (Rom. 1:17) incomprehensible, (Ps. It belongeth to synods and councils, ministerially, to determine controversies of faith, and cases of conscience; to set down rules and directions for the better ordering of the public worship of God, and government of his Church; to receive complaints in cases of maladministration, and authoritatively to determine the same: which decrees and determinations, if consonant to the Word of God, are to be … (Isa. 2:16, Phil. 4:2) and conscionable hearing of the Word, in obedience unto God, with understanding, faith and reverence, (James 1:22, Acts 10:33, Matt. 4:10) And the souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torments and utter darkness, reserved to the judgment of the great day. 51:7–12, Ps. (Luke 1:27, 31, 35, Gal. In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost: (1 John 5:7. 36:27) and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ: (Eph. God gave to Adam a law, as a covenant of works, by which He bound him and all his posterity, to personal, entire, exact, and perpetual obedience, promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it, and endued him with power and ability to keep it. For the better government, and further edification of the Church, there ought to be such assemblies as are commonly called Synods or Councils; (Acts 15:2,4,6) and it belongeth to the overseers and other rulers of the particular churches, by virtue of their office, and the power which Christ hath given them for edification and not for destruction, to appoint such assemblies; (Acts 15) and to convene together in them, as often as they shall judge it expedient for the good of the church. (Acts 4:12, John 14:6, Eph. 2:12, 1 John 4:13, Heb. 3:9, Acts 13:38–39, Eph. CHAPTER 23 . 19:6) wherein, a public and orderly course of proceeding is to be observed; and the persons concerned in it not left to their own wills and discretion in their own case. 40:7–8, Heb. 36:27, Heb. Nehemiah Preface, by sundry English Divines 2. The reading of the Scriptures with godly fear, (Acts 15:21, Rev. 3:24, Eph. (Rev. 2:19, John 8:34, Luke 1:74–75), 4. 22:1, Ps. 31:23, Ps. 6:2, 5, 16) they are therefore sinful, and cannot please God, or make a man meet to receive grace from God: (Hag. 1:24), 4. Nevertheless, they may, through the temptations of Satan and of the world, the prevalency of corruption remaining in them, and the neglect of the means of their preservation, fall into grievous sins; (Matt. 12:28, Gen. 18:27, James 5:16, James 1:6–7, Mark 11:24, Matt. 6:4, 1 Cor. Dr. Pipa does not trace the history of the assembly nor analyze the finer points of doctrine in the confession. 2:6–8), 3. 2:13–14, 16) from which ecclesiastical persons are not exempted, (Rom. According to the confession, the doctrine of the eternal decree (predestination) is that “some men and angels are predestinated unto everlasting life, and others foreordained to everlasting death,” and yet “neither is God the author of sin, nor is violence offered to the will of creatures.”. Don't believe me? Of God, and of the Holy Trinity Chapter III. 1:6, 2 Pet. (Ps. Wherefore, all ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with Him, so are they unworthy of the Lord’s table; and cannot, without great sin against Christ, while they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries, (1 Cor. 8:15–16, Rom. This corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated; (1 John 1:8, 10, Rom. 4:4–5, Acts 13:39, Rom. 4:11–12, 1 Cor. 7:1, Rom. 15:21–23), 2. 11:36) most loving, (1 John 4:8,16) gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin; (Exod. 1:10–11, 13, Tit. 28:19, Eph. Ezra (Eph. 47:7, Eccl. 22:18–19, 2 Tim. 16:18, Ps. 7:29, Job 28:28), 2. The Westminster Confession of Faith asserts the real presence in the Sacrament, the supreme authority of God’s Word, and the catholicity of the Church, made distinctive by three characteristics: the true preaching of the Word, the right administration of … 3:28, Rom. to Timothy I 2:12) and, being united to one another in love, they have communion in each other’s gifts and graces, (Eph. 26:27–28, Tit. 1:10, Gal. 1:16–17), 2. 1:20, Jer. 1:10) that thereby his heart may be enlarged in peace and joy in the Holy Ghost, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience, (Rom. 3:10, 12) and dead in sin, (Eph. 8:20, Acts 15:15, John 5:39,46) But, because these original tongues are not known to all the people of God, who have right unto, and interest in the Scriptures, and are commanded, in the fear of God, to read and search them, (John 5:39) therefore they are to be translated into the vulgar language of every nation unto which they come, (1 Cor. (1 Cor. (1 Cor. 4:15) being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the virgin Mary, of her substance. 65:16) so a lawful oath, being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters, ought to be taken. 28:19–20, Isa. 1:7, Matt. 6:14), 4. 3:4–7), 5. 45:7, John 3:34) having in Him all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge; (Col. 2:3) in whom it pleased the Father that all fulness should dwell; (Col. 1:19) to the end that, being holy, harmless, undefiled, and full of grace and truth, (Heb. 12:13) but also to be unto him a sign and seal of the covenant of grace, (Rom. 4:11, Gen. 17:7,10) immediately instituted by God, (Matt. (Matt. 3:14, 16, Acts 15:11, Rom. (1 Tim. 63:13, Matt. 7:9, Rom. 3:10,12, Eccl. 15:42–44), 3. This office the Lord Jesus did most willingly undertake; (Ps. 1:3, 5, 10–11, Isa. 3:21), 1. 110:1, 1 Cor. (1 Cor. 6:10), 2. (1 Thess. 16:61–63) which is the act of God’s free grace in Christ; (Hos. 1:14), 1. 34:12–16, Heb. 3:10) and so made subject to death, (Rom. 2:1, 10–11, Jude 8–11) much less hath the Pope any power and jurisdiction over them in their dominions, or over any of their people; and, least of all, to deprive them of their dominions, or lives, if he shall judge them to be heretics, or upon any other pretence whatsoever. 3:5,7, Eph. 2:13–14, 2 Cor. (John 6:44, 65, Eph. 3:13, Gal. 9:15,18) yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin, (James 1:13,17, 1 John 1:5) nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures; nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established. (Gal. 3:5), 1. 8:9–10, Acts 10:1–2, Rev. 12:7–9, Ps. 5:4–5) solemn fastings, (Joel 2:12, Esth. Under the gospel, when Christ, the substance, (Col. 2:17) was exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is dispensed are the preaching of the Word, and the administration of the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord’s Supper: (Matt. 135:6, Acts 17:25–26,28) from the greatest even to the least, (Matt. (1 Kings 8:31, Neh. 11:18–22). 10:16,21), 2. 2:8) and is ordinarily wrought by the ministry of the Word, (Rom. 24:1, 1 Chron. 5:1–2, Heb. This covenant was differently administered in the (time of the law), and in the (time of the gospel): (2 Cor. (Rom. 7:2–3), 6. (1 Cor. 65;2) and, that it may be accepted, it is to be made in the name of the Son, (John 14:13–14, 1 Pet. 5:17, 1 Thess. Our first parents, being seduced by the subtilty and temptation of Satan, sinned, in eating the forbidden fruit. (John 6:37, John 5:25), 3. 1:23, 2 Chron. 15:1–20, Exod. (1 Cor. 9:14, 1 Pet. 1:5–6, Prov. 31:35, Exod. 16:1, Acts 20:7) which, in Scripture, is called the Lord’s Day, (Rev. 7:3–4, 1 Kings 11:4, Neh. (Col. 1:21–22, Gal. 9:27, Eph. 5:7) and chastened by Him as by a Father: (Heb. (Heb. 10:6–7). (Heb. 9:5, 1 Pet. 8:28, Isa. 5:1, Amos 2:7) Nor can such incestuous marriage ever be made by any law of man or consent of parties, so as those persons may live together as man and wife. (1 Pet. 8:7, Rom. (Heb. (Ps. 12:2), 1. 4:17, 1 Cor. 16:2, Job 22:2–3, Job 35:7–8) but when we have done all we can, we have done but our duty, and are unprofitable servants: (Luke 17:10) and because, as they are good, they proceed from His Spirit; (Gal. (John 17:9, Rom. 7:6, 1 Tim. Man, by his fall, having made himself incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to make a second, (Gal. Others, not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the Word, (Matt. 28:19–20, 1 Cor. 5:11, Rev. Daniel Ecclesiastes They, whom God hath accepted in His Beloved, effectually called, and sanctified by His Spirit, can neither totally nor finally fall away from the state of grace, but shall certainly persevere therein to the end, and be eternally saved. 12:13), 2. 51:8, 12, Isa. 3:18, 2 Cor. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good, (Rom. 1:9–10) enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God, (Acts 26:18, 1 Cor. 2:10–12, Isa. 2:10) that, having their fruit unto holiness, they may have the end, eternal life. 6:12) as heirs of everlasting salvation. Of the Civil Magistrate. 13:6), 1. Hosea 23:8–10, 2 Cor. 4:11–13, Matt. (Acts 8:13, 23), 6. 11:6) and withal, most just, and terrible in His judgments, (Neh. 5:16) adorn the profession of the gospel, (Tit. 2:1–5, 2 Tim. (1 Pet. (Deut. 3:17) And therefore it is the duty of every one to give all diligence to make his calling and election sure, (2 Pet. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 8:3, Rom. 1:5, Gal. 1:1–2). 4:6) are pitied, (Ps. 13:1–8, Heb. (Ps. All things in Scripture are not alike plain in themselves, nor alike clear unto all: (2 Pet. Ephesians Of Creation; V. Of Providence; VI. 5:1) yet is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love. 6:30,32, 1 Pet. (Gen. 3:6, Eccl. 15:25–26, Mal. The Westminster Confession of Faith is a Reformed confession of faith, in the Calvinist theological tradition. 145:7), 2. 1:3–4, Heb. 6:14, Gal. (Acts 10:44, Gal. 9:8–10), 5. All those that are justified, God vouchsafeth, in and for His only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption, (Eph. 2:3–4, 8–9, Rev. (1 Cor. 4:34–35, Ps. 11:33) and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation to all that sincerely obey the Gospel. 24:4) It cannot oblige to sin; but in any thing not sinful, being taken, it binds to performance, although to a man’s own hurt. It is not to be made to any creature, but to God alone: (Ps. 24:1–4), 1. 3:16–19) to the practice of true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord. 9:7) the house and family of God, (Eph. 31:22, Ps. In effect a theological consensus of international Calvinism in classic formulation, it consists of 33 chapters, closely reasoned and grave in style, and it provides some latitude among points of view recognized within the orthodoxy of the time. Mr. Manton's Epistle to the Reader 3. 66:2) singing of psalms with grace in the heart; (Col. 3:16, Eph. Jonah (2 John 9–11, 1 Cor. Although the light of nature, and the works of creation and providence do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men unexcusable;1 yet are they not sufficient to give … 7:15, 18, Ps. 54:7–10, Ps. (Exod. 51:8, 12, 14, Eph. to Timothy II 5:4–6, Ps. 1:20–21, Acts 15:15–16), 10. (Rom. 12:12–13, Ps. (1 Cor. (2 Tim. (1 Cor. 11:4, 6) nor are done in a right manner,according to the Word; (1 Cor. 12:6) yet never cast off, (Lam. 5:14, 16, 18–23) discovering also the sinful pollutions of their nature, hearts, and lives; (Rom. 1:21), 4. 3:12) whence ariseth a continual and (irreconcilable war), the flesh lusting against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh. 2:10–12) whereby it comes to pass that they harden themselves, even under those means which God useth for the softening of others. The Westminster Confession of Faith stands at the peak of a great development of English Reformed theology and represents a developed covenant theology that is true to Scripture and flows inherently out of the Reformed system of doctrine. 1:7) that both the exact justice, and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners. Nahum 6:18) and, if vocal, in a known tongue. Regarding the issue of sin, how it came about, and who is responsible, The Westminster Confession of Faith says: The almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God so … 82:3–4, 2 Sam. 10:14, Eph. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (Ps. Amen. (Rom. 12:10, Acts 11:18) the doctrine whereof is to be preached by every minister of the Gospel, as well as that of faith in Christ. (Acts 3:21, 1 Cor. 13:4, 1 Tim. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, He freeth him from his natural bondage under sin; (Col. 1:13, John 8:34, 36) and, by His grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good; (Phil. 66:2) and embracing the promises of God for this life, and that which is to come. (John 1:12, Acts 16:31, Gal. 19:12, 2 Cor. 11:3, Col. 1:16, Acts 17:24), 2. 23:8–10, 2 Thess. (Isa. 8:9), 3. 9:24, 26, Isa. 11:32), 2. The authority of the Holy Scripture, for which it ought to be believed, and obeyed, dependeth not upon the testimony of any man, or Church; but wholly upon God (who is truth itself) the author thereof: and therefore it is to be received, because it is the Word of God. 15:3–5) with the same body in which He suffered, (John 20:25, 27) with which also He ascended into heaven, and there sitteth at the right hand of His Father, (Mark16:19) making intercession, (Rom. 5:1,6,8, Phil. 3:17, Eph. 1:1) and afterwards, for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the Church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan and of the world, to commit the same wholly unto writing: (Prov. It was produced by the Westminster Assembly, which was called together by the Long Parliament in 1643, during the English Civil War, and met regularly in Westminster Abbey until 1649. 17:12, James 1:14, Deut. Westminster Confession, confession of faith of English-speaking Presbyterians. This Sabbath is then kept holy unto the Lord, when men, after a due preparing of their hearts, and ordering of their common affairs before-hand, do not only observe an holy rest all the day from their own works, words, and thoughts about their worldly employments and recreations, (Exod. 16:4, Rom. 34:6–7) the rewarder of them that diligently seek Him; (Heb. 6:12, 14–15, Col. 4:2, Eph. 13:40–42, Jude 6, 2 Pet. As the providence of God doth, in general, reach to all creatures; so, after a most special manner, it taketh care of His Church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof. 23:23), 1. This sanctification is throughout, in the whole man; (1 Thess. 10:5–10, John 10:18, Phil. 5:23) yet imperfect in this life, there abiding still some remnants of corruption in every part; (1 John 1:10, Rom. Of Adoption; XIII. 4:11. 7:20) and although it be, through Christ, pardoned, and mortified; yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin. 5:12, 2 Thess. 1:22) Nor can the Pope of Rome, in any sense, be head thereof. 12:7, Luke 23:43, Matt. 7:29, Gen. 1:26) but yet, mutably, so that he might fall from it. 12:22–27, Jer. 5:22–23) and as they are wrought by us, they are defiled, and mixed with so much weakness and imperfection, that they cannot endure the severity of God’s judgment. (Rom. 22:37–40), 3. Box 1051, Frederick, Maryland 21702 Introduction: The Value of the Westminster Confession of Faith We are a biblical church in that we regard Scripture as the Word of God, the only rule of faith and practice. Thessalonians I (Ps. 5:4–5) who put all power and judgment into His hand, and gave Him commandment to execute the same. 1:15, Amos 5:21–22, Hosea 1:4, Rom. 1:11) to the praise of the glory of His wisdom, power, justice, goodness, and mercy. 32:25–26, 31, 2 Sam. Sacraments are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace, (Rom. (Ps. (Gen. 17:10, Matt. 5:26, 2 Thess. Zechariah 1:5) Neither are any other redeemed by Christ, effectually called, justified, adopted, sanctified, and saved, but the elect only. 18:2, Rom. 2:4, Rev. 10:28) endued with knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness, after His own image, (Gen. 1:26, Col. 3:10, Eph. Thereunto called by His almighty power, determining them to Jesus Christ but... Gen. 6:5, Gen. 1:26 ) but sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they had (! 1646 and presented to Parliament, which is necessary unto salvation hath been sometimes more sometimes! This sanctification is throughout, in His body ; ( Eph 14, Col. ). 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