Sticking with Jeremiah, Jeremiah 23.7-8 comes after 23.40 in the Septuagint (so some copiest "moved" it). That is why twice in the Old Testament they were instructed not … Enjoy! This verse can be found in the Orthodox Study Bible, which relies on the Septuagint.But this verse is absent from the King James Version (KJV), the New King James Version(NKJV), the Complete Jewish Bible, and every other translation which is based on the Masoretic Text. The Hebrew Text that has served as the basis for most translations of the Old Testament into English is based almost entirely on the Leningrad Codex, which dates from 1008 A.D. This is obvious because of the reference to the Urim and Thummim, which were two objects used by the priest of the Old Testament for discerning the will of God on matters such as that described in 1 Samuel 14. Anyone considering the Septuagint as reliable is deluding himself (or herself). The Jews were given charge of keeping and copying God’s word. Septuagint: Masoretic: 1: In the beginning God made the heaven and the earth. Perhaps that is why Jesus and the apostles frequently quoted from the Septuagint… Its message is especially pertinent for our times, when there is widespread confusion and ignorance about the true nature of Christ’s Church and about the right approach to Holy Scripture. The Septuagint Preserved Something The Masoretic Text Lost! It is used by Jews everywhere. The Jewish Septuagint translation of the Old Testament predates the Masoretic which we Protestants use by approximately 1,000 years. The NIV translators often preferred the Septuagint, but more often prefer the Masoretic Text, but both are used, depending on the context and the history of the text. While it is outside the scope of this article to perform an in-depth study of the canon of Scripture, a few points relevant to the Masoretic Text should be made here: There is a great difference of opinion as to when the Masoretic Text was written, but it was probably accomplished in the 10th -11th century. We have the promise that the Holy Spirit will guide us into all Truth (John 16:13), and so can indeed affirm that by Fr. A question about the accuracy of these texts sparks a quick recap of what these texts are.#TorahResource #Septuagint #MasoreticText The oldest more or less complete Septuagint manuscripts are Codex Vaticanus (4th century AD) and Codex Alexandrinus (5th century AD). While the Masoretic Text is still widely embraced today, it’s had its share of controversy, too. And what it corrects in the Masoretic Text demonstrates that the MT was altered by anti-Christian rabbis in the first and second centuries A.D. This is well after the Septuagint was translated (3rd century before Christ), the Peshitta (1st and 2nd Centuries A.D.), or the Latin Vulgate (4th Century A.D.). There’s a 1500 year difference between the two timelines. 568. The earliest copies we have of the MT only Date from about 900 or 1000 AD, but the LXX goes … Yet, modern Christian translations of the Old Testament rely on the Masoretic Text, not the Septuagint. The rabbis who compiled the Masoretic text were not accountable to the High Priest in Jerusalem. Because the LXX is supposedly 1,100 plus years older and as it reads very different from the oldest extant Hebrew manuscripts, text critics presume that the LXX was translated from an older more reliable Hebrew text. In any case, the Hebrew Text that we now have was preserved outside the Church. The Septuagint is one of the most important assets that textual criticism has today. The earliest Masoretic manuscripts are from the 9th or 10th centuries AD. The Religious A priori. Second, some of the citations taken from the Old Testament and found in the New mainly use the Septuagint text. The Hebrew Masoretic Text and the Greek Septuagint. And what it corrects in the Masoretic Text demonstrates that the MT was altered by anti-Christian rabbis in the first and second centuries A.D. It is a more faithful representation of the original Hebrew Scriptures. Test case for accuracy of LXX vs. Masoretic: Shem as Melchizedek. At any rate, the Hebrew Tanakh/Masoretic text at Isaiah 9:6 [9:5] is different from the much earlier Hebrew text of the Dead Sea Scrolls as well as different from the earlier Septuagint's Greek translation of the Hebrew text. ...the basis of the Old Testament text in the Orthodox tradition is the Septuagint, a Greek translation by the "seventy interpreters" made in the third to second centuries BCE for the Alexandrian Hebrews and the Jewish diaspora. . The Masoretic text was compiled by Jews several hundred years AD, therefore by Jews who had rejected Jesus. In the “Encyclical of the Eastern Patriarchs” of 1848, which was a reply to the epistle of Pope Pius IX, “To The Easterns,” the Patriarchs of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem, along with the other assembled bishops stated: The Septuagint predates the first appearance of the Masoretic text by almost ten centuries. I have weighed the value of both the Septuagint (LXX) and the Masoretic Text (MT) and have found not only the scholarly work and veracity of the MT to stand the test but also the archaeological evidence to verify the dating in the MT. The oldest extant Masoretic Text is from the late 9 th century. Septuagint Brenton Translation 12 O my people, your exactors strip you, and extortioners rule over you: O my people, they that pronounce you blessed lead you astray, and pervert the path of your feet. Where alternate readings existed, the Masoretic text incorporated the one which supported the Talmudic tradition, which was developing in parallel with the establishment of the Masoretic canon. In Is the Septuagint a superior text for the Genesis genealogies?, we pointed out that Smith used a forged quote from Ephraem the Syrian (AD 306–373), which claims the Jews altered the biblical text by reducing the timespan covered by the chronogenealogies in Genesis 5 and 11. What you can do, and what will be more helpful anyway, is when you are studying a particular passage in the Old Testament, look at the Masoretic, the DSS and the Septuagint and take every case one at a time. One often encounters the use of the “prophetic perfect”, where a prophecy of something that has not yet come to pass is in the perfect tense, and so is often translated with the English past tense, e.g. a. Jews today believe that Shem is Melchizedek because the Masoretic chronology has Shem living down past the birth of Jacob. I've read that the Masoretic Text was brought to Ethiopia by the Apostles and that it has been perfectly preserved throughout history. [7] Travis Bohlinger, The Origin of the LXX, Logos Academic Blog. The Jews were given charge of keeping and copying God’s word. jodav. The Septuagint and Peshitta texts were preserved within the Church, and so the Church believes that the text of the Old Testament was been authoritatively preserved in these textual traditions. The End Time WAR on our Gospel and the clear message to this Generation . Fr. And in the above quote, I think there may be a translation problem, though I don't have the Russian text, and my Russian would probably be too limited to tell for sure by myself -- but when it says "some of the citations taken from the Old Testament and found in the New mainly use the Septuagint text," it is awkwardly worded enough for me to guess that Metropolitan Hilarion meant to say that most (not just "some") of the quotes of the Old Testament in the New Testament are based on the Septuagint... because as a matter of fact, that is true. The Septuagint text is the text that the Church has preserved. The Septuagint version of Jeremiah is about 1/8 (about 2700 words) shorter than the Masoretic. The three are the Hebrew Masoretic Text, the Samaritan Pentateuch, and the Septuagint. It is impossible for Shem to be Melchizedek using the Septuagint chronology because Shem dies 600 years before Abraham is born. 2) is that true christians evangelist from nt quoted the greek version using Virgin in matthew 7:14 I have weighed the value of both the Septuagint (LXX) and the Masoretic Text (MT) and have found not only the scholarly work and veracity of the MT to stand the test but also the archaeological evidence to verify the dating in the MT. Saints. © 1999-2018 OrthoChristian.comWhen reposting our material a link to OrthoChristian.com is required. A Hebrew Bible exists today. I do think it likely that the LXX represents a different stream of Hebrew text, though in some cases may also show some translator bias. The Septuagint versus the Masoretic The English version of the Septuagint text, Sir Lancelot C. L. Brenton compared to the English version of the Masoretic text in the King James translation order to arrive at the original text. Church Holy Days. The Masoretic text is a text that has not been preserved by the Church, and so while it is worthy of study and comparison, it is not equally trustworthy. Another example is the text quoted in Hebrews 1:6 (And let all the angels of God worship him) which is nowhere to be found in the Masoretic text, but is found in both the Septuagint and the Dead Sea Scrolls Hebrew text in Deuteronomy 32:43. The Masoretic text is a text that has not been preserved by the Church, and so while it is worthy of study and comparison, it is not equally trustworthy. While it is outside the scope of this article to perform an in-depth study of the canon of Scripture, a few points relevant to the Masoretic Text should be made here: Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Raephan, the images of them which ye made for yourselves (Sir Lancelot Brenton translation of the Septuagint). For example, it is helpful to know that Hebrew does not have a past or future tense, but only a perfect and imperfect tense… and so just because an English translation is clearly in either the past, present, or future tense, it does not necessarily mean that this is what is implied by the Hebrew original. In the "Encyrlical of the Eastern Patriarchs" of 1848, which was a reply to the epistle of Pope Pius IX, "To The Easterns," the Patriarchs of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem, along with the other assembled bishops stated: "Our Church holds the infallible and genuine deposit of the Holy Scriptures: of the Old Testament a true and perfect version, of the New the divine original itself." That the Septuagint is the most authoritative text in the Orthodox Church is something that is confirmed in just about any Orthodox catechetical text you could consult. The End Time WAR on our Gospel and the clear message to this Generation . This simply cannot be demonstrated from the facts." And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped. It can provide invaluable help to Orthodox Christians in understanding their Faith more deeply, and in defending and giving an account of it when confronted with heterodox — especially Protestant — claims. Septuagint - Is it a Reliable Translation? The Septuagint is one of the most important assets that textual criticism has today. In bibles, the Old Testament is translated from the Masoretic text, from 1000 A.D. The Septuagint is older than the Masoretic text, was the version of the Old Testament quoted in the New Testament and is accepted by the Church as its official version of the Old Testament. In the early 20th century, the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in caves near Qumran. Andrew Phillips. Yet the Septuagint (LXX) Greek translation of the Old Testament does include the missing verse. Does the Orthodox Church teach that the Septuagint is more reliable than the Hebrew text of the Old Testament? Often this argument comes up from those holding to the Septuagint. I've gained interest in the Septuagint/LXX translation of the Old Testament ever since I read quite a few Orthodox sources say that it's "the Orthodox Old Testament", and such arguments as "Christ and the Apostles used the LXX, so we should too". All comments will be read by the editors of, , which was a reply to the epistle of Pope Pius IX, ". It would seem that the Septuagint (LXX) translation is not only far more ancient than the Masoretic Text . The Septuagint text is the text that the Church has preserved. 34. Particularly when the Septuagint and the Hebrew text are in agreement, we will better understand the Septuagint as a translation if we compare it with the Hebrew text that it is clearly a translation of. It should be pointed out that the Hebrew text should not be ignored entirely. These are principle examples of why the Septuagint Old Testament is the ‘official’ Old Testament of the Orthodox Church (that and the fact that the Masoretic text didn’t even exist until 1,000 a.d.). The Septuagint predates the earliest Masoretic text by centuries. The Masoretic text is a text that has not been preserved by the Church, and so while it is worthy of study and comparison, it is not equally trustworthy. The authority of the Septuagint is based on three factors. The following article was written in 1914, when St. Hilarion was an archimandrite and a professor of the Imperial Moscow Spiritual Academy. In any case, the differences, due to copying errors and slips of the pen, are quite minor and, … In comparison to the textual evidence that we have for the New Testament Greek text, this is a very late manuscript. Messiah. Asceties of Piety. LXX Septuagint, for the “70” (72) translators mss Greek ms of New Testament in cursive letters. In Romans 3:1 & 2, God’s word tells us that the Jews were committed to the oracles of God. It was compiled around 700 A.D. More specifically, the current discussion is over the respective chronologies found in those two manuscrip… That the Septuagint is the most authoritative text in the Orthodox Church is something that is confirmed in just about any Orthodox catechetical text you could consult. For example, in Acts 7:43, the Protomartyr Stephen quotes from the book of Amos as follows: Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them (Acts 7:43 KJV). And so we have always held that the Septuagint is the authoritative version of the Old Testament. The Septuagint (for example in the Alexandrinus or Vaticanus texts) is older than the Masoretic. 2: But the earth was unsightly and unfurnished, and darkness was over the deep, and the Spirit of God moved over the water. The Septuagint text is the text that the Church has preserved. It is called the Masoretic text. Taking into account the three factors enumerated above, St. Philaret of Moscow considers it possible to maintain that "in the Orthodox teaching of Holy Scripture it is necessary to attribute a dogmatic merit to the Translation of the Seventy, in some cases placing it on equal level with the original and even elevating it above the Hebrew text, as is generally accepted in the most recent editions (Orthodox Christianity, Volume II: Doctrine and Teaching of the Orthodox Church, (New York: St. Vladimir Seminary Press, 2012) p. 34). An entire line or two of the Old Testament predates the Masoretic text, the Dead Sea and. The citations taken from the 9th or 10th centuries A.D 2nd century BC way of paths... The way of your paths they have destroyed and holy in all His works `` Bible according the! Three are the Hebrew text of the Old Testament face of the Masoretic text the... 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