Miami is a major television production center, and the most important city in the United States for Spanish language media. [8][9] The city has the third tallest skyline in the U.S. with over 300 high-rises,[10] 55 of which exceed 491 ft (150 m). The following information relates to areas within the cities' municipal borders, not their metropolitan areas, and notes the percentage and number of people age five or older who speak Spanish at home in several of the largest U.S. cities. Miami began taking in Cuban refugees in the 1950's and 1960's and after 50-60 years they are not learning English. A village of hundreds of people, dating to 500–600 B.C., was located at the mouth of the Miami River. Miami developed new businesses and cultural amenities as part of the New South in the 1980s and 1990s. Miami is home to some of the nation's best high schools, such as Design and Architecture High School, ranked the nation's best magnet school, MAST Academy, Coral Reef High School, ranked 20th-best public high school in the U.S., Miami Palmetto High School, and the New World School of the Arts. Two new light rail systems, Baylink and the Miami Streetcar, have been proposed and are currently in the planning stage. Although at one time a mostly Jewish neighborhood, today western Miami is home to immigrants from mostly Central America and Cuba, while the west central neighborhood of Allapattah is a multicultural community of many ethnicities. [131] Miami is also consistently ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the United States for pedestrians. Today, these are part of the local culture and can be found throughout the city at window cafés, particularly outside of supermarkets and restaurants. New Mexico 158,629 9.39% 4. In November 2011, Crown Princess Mette-Marit opened a new building for the church. [35] Most of the Miami metropolitan area obtains its drinking water from the Biscayne Aquifer. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city encompasses a total area of 56.06 sq mi (145.2 km2), of which 35.99 sq mi (93.2 km2) is land and 20.08 sq mi (52.0 km2) is water. Spanish-speaking Miami in sociolinguistic perspective: bilingualism, recontact, and language maintenance among the Cuban-origin population. The most likely time for Miami to be hit is during the peak of the Cape Verde season, which is mid-August through the end of September. Between 1960 and 2000, 90% of the population growth in the county was made up of Hispanics, raising the Hispanic portion of the population to more than 57% by 2000. Quigg, for example, "personally and publicly beat a colored bellboy to death for speaking directly to a white woman". The newest addition to the Miami arts scene is the Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, home of the Florida Grand Opera and the second-largest performing arts center in the United States after Lincoln Center in New York City. Today, immigration to Miami has continued and Miami's growth today is attributed greatly to its fast urbanization and high-rise construction, which has increased its inner city neighborhood population densities, such as in Downtown, Brickell, and Edgewater, where one area in Downtown alone saw a 2,069% increase in population in the 2010 Census. The city also attracts many artists for music video and film shoots. Miami is also a major fashion center, home to models and some of the top modeling agencies in the world. U.S. Census, 2010 (Ethnicity) and Census American Community Survey 2008 (language). As a result, the Miami area became a site of fighting in the Second Seminole War. However, in the larger urban area, there are more English speakers. The area behind this reef line was in effect a large lagoon, and the Miami limestone formed throughout the area from the deposition of oolites and the shells of bryozoans. The city commission constitutes the governing body with powers to pass ordinances, adopt regulations, and exercise all powers conferred upon the city in the city charter. Alan Diaz / … Miami's heavy-rail rapid transit system, Metrorail, is an elevated system comprising two lines and 23 stations on a 24.4-mile (39.3 km)-long line. The district is also the largest minority public school system in the country, with 60% of its students being of Hispanic origin, 28% Black or West Indian American, 10% White (non-Hispanic) and 2% non-white of other minorities.[122]. The city has numerous orchestras, symphonies and performing art conservatories. In total, 77.3% spoke another language other than English. The main portion of the city is on the shores of Biscayne Bay, which contains several hundred natural and artificial barrier islands, the largest of which contains Miami Beach and South Beach. "Miami has become the meeting place of the Americas for the Spanish-speaking world," says Ray Rodriguez, the Cuban-born president of the No. [79] Miami has a Gross Metropolitan Product of $257 billion, ranking 11th in the United States and 20th worldwide in GMP.[80][81]. The wet season begins sometime in June, ending in mid-October. [133] The average Miami public transit commute on weekdays is 90 minutes, while 39% of public transit riders commute for more than 2 hours a day. At the same time, South Florida weathered social problems related to drug wars, immigration from Haiti and Latin America, and the widespread destruction of Hurricane Andrew. BayLink would connect Downtown with South Beach, and the Miami Streetcar would connect Downtown with Midtown. [65][66] Since the 1960s, there has been massive white flight with many non-Hispanic whites moving outside Miami due to the influx of immigrants settling in most parts of Miami. Texas 2,369,036 12.31% 3. The Rickenbacker Causeway is the southernmost causeway and connects Brickell to Virginia Key and Key Biscayne. The oceanic warm current — Gulf Stream — flows only at a distance of 24 kilometers from Miami Coast and it makes the climate warm and mild. Brickell Avenue has the largest concentration of international banks in the United States. The government of the City of Miami uses the mayor-commissioner type of system. For other uses, see, Metropolitan city in Florida, United States, Magic City, The Gateway to the Americas, Capital of Latin America, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties, A list of cities under 10,000 is available, Education, households, income, and poverty. Miami International Airport (MIA) and PortMiami are among the nation's busiest ports of entry, especially for cargo from South America and the Caribbean. California 4,303,949 13.70% 2. [99] The center attracts many large-scale operas, ballets, concerts, and musicals from around the world. Julia Tuttle, a local citrus grower and a wealthy Cleveland native, was the original owner of the land upon which the city was built. About 0.4% spoke Asian languages or Pacific Islander languages/Oceanic languages at home. Miami is actually the second largest city the USA with a Spanish-speaking majority, and the largest city with a Cuban-American plurality. [16] According to a 2018 UBS study of 77 world cities, the city was ranked as the third-richest in the United States and the eighth-richest in the world in purchasing power. It is widely available throughout Miami and South Florida and can be found in restaurant chains such as Pollo Tropical. [139], In 2010, Miami was ranked as the 44th-most bike-friendly city in the US according to Bicycling Magazine. Catholic preparatory schools operated by religious orders are Christopher Columbus High School and Belen Jesuit Preparatory School for boys and Carrollton School of the Sacred Heart and Our Lady of Lourdes Academy for girls. [29], African American labor played a crucial role in Miami's early development. Miami has one of the largest television markets in the nation and the second largest in the state of Florida after Tampa Bay. Miami has been the setting of numerous films and television shows, including Miami Vice, Burn Notice, Jane the Virgin, Scarface, The Birdcage, Ace Ventura: Pet Detective. Many neighborhoods and neighboring areas also have their own local newspapers such as the Aventura News, Coral Gables Tribune, Biscayne Bay Tribune, and the Palmetto Bay News. It is the second-largest U.S. city with a Spanish-speaking majority (after El Paso, Texas), and the largest city with a Cuban-American plurality.[18]. The two largest are the University of Miami Hurricanes, whose football team plays at Hard Rock Stadium and Florida International University Panthers, whose football team plays at Ricardo Silva Stadium. Colleges and universities in and around Miami: Public schools in Miami are governed by Miami-Dade County Public Schools, which is the largest school district in Florida and the fourth-largest in the United States. [31] Racial and cultural tensions sometimes sparked, but the city developed in the latter half of the 20th century as a major international, financial, and cultural center. One neighborhood, The Roads, is named as such because its streets run off the Miami grid at a 45-degree angle, and therefore are all named roads. About 1.8% used all other forms of transportation, including taxicab, motorcycle, and bicycle. [114] ParkScore ranks urban park systems by a formula that analyzes median park size, park acres as percent of city area, the percent of city residents within a half-mile of a park, spending of park services per resident, and the number of playgrounds per 10,000 residents. New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA MSA, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL MSA, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV MSA, Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA MSA, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD MSA, Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI MSA, Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA MSA, Hartford-East Hartford-Middletown, CT MSA, Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN MSA, Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA, Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC MSA, Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR MSA, Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME MSA, List of U.S. cities with large Hispanic populations, List of U.S. states by Hispanic and Latino population, U.S. Census Bureau 2010 American Community Survey, "Hispanic Population and Origin in Select U.S. Metropolitan Areas, 2014", "Language spoken at home - 25 largest cities: 2008", U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_United_States_cities_by_Spanish-speaking_population&oldid=990477740, Lists of cities in the United States by population, Hispanic and Latino demographics in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 18:16. Dew points in the warm months range from 71.9 °F (22.2 °C) in June to 73.7 °F (23.2 °C) in August. [1][18], Greater Downtown Miami has one of the largest concentrations of international banks in the United States, and is home to many large national and international companies. other major U.S. city. Miami is also home to Paso Fino horses, and competitions are held at Tropical Park Equestrian Center. There are over 80 parks and gardens in the city. There has been a Norwegian Seamen's church in Miami since the early 1980s. Other major newspapers include Miami Today, headquartered in Brickell, Miami New Times, headquartered in Midtown, Miami Sun Post, South Florida Business Journal, Miami Times, and Biscayne Boulevard Times. The Edgewater neighborhood of Midtown is mostly composed of high-rise residential towers and is home to the Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts. The Miami Open, an annual tennis tournament, was previously held in Key Biscayne before moving to Hard Rock Stadium after the tournament was purchased by Miami Dolphins owner Stephen Ross in 2019. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. The heart of the city is Downtown Miami, which is on the eastern side and includes the neighborhoods of Brickell, Virginia Key, Watson Island, as well as PortMiami. In 2017, the port served 5,340,559 cruise passengers. There are 16 blocks to each mile on north–south avenues, and 10 blocks to each mile on east–west streets. The average wait time at a public transit stop or station is 18 minutes, while 37% of riders wait for more than 20 minutes on average every day. ", "Statue of Miami's First Lady, Julia Tuttle, may be birthday present", "Name Origins of Florida – City Name Origins I-P", "Miami, Florida metropolitan area as seen from STS-62", National Aeronautics and Space Administration, "Notes on the geology and Water Resources of South Florida", "USGS Ground Water Atlas of the United States", "Coconut Grove – West Grove tree canopy variations over time", "World Map of Köppen−Geiger Climate Classification", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Climatological Records for Miami, FL 1895 - 2019", Maine shivers at −29: Snow falls in Florida, Miami Is Hit by First Recorded Snow: State of Emergency Is Eyed for Virginia Thousands Idled as Cold Closes Factories, Businesses, New York High is 26 as the South Shivers: Florida Snow Causes Emergency Gas Shortage Widespread, "Irma spared America, but still had a big effect on it", "Miami Is the "Most Vulnerable" Coastal City Worldwide", "Florida Climate Outlook: Assessing Physical and Economic Impacts through 2040", "Miami-Dade County - Environment - Impact on South Florida", "Will Florida be lost forever to the climate crisis? All the major California and Texas cities are also predominately English-speaking if we go by urban area. The following information relates to areas within the cities' municipal borders, not their metropolitan areas, and notes the percentage and number of people age five or older who speak Spanish at home in several of the largest U.S. cities. Hialeah is served by the Miami Metrorail at Okeechobee, … [46] Although tornadoes are uncommon in the area, one struck in 1925 and another in 1997. The Miami metropolitan area, however, which includes Miami-Dade, Broward and Palm Beach counties, had a combined population of more than 5.5 million people, ranked seventh largest in the United States,[58] and is the largest metropolitan area in the southeastern United States. In 2009, Univisión announced plans to build a new production studio in Miami, dubbed Univisión Studios. Biscayne Bay has numerous coral reefs that make snorkeling and scuba diving popular. The city has numerous marinas, rivers, bays, canals, and the Atlantic Ocean, which make boating, sailing, and fishing popular outdoor activities. The overall culture of Miami is heavily influenced by its large population of Hispanics from the Caribbean and South America and black people mainly from the Caribbean islands.[62]. It is also nicknamed the "Capital of Latin America" because of its high population of Spanish-speakers. [141], This article is about the city in Florida. The average single trip distance with public transit is 7.46 mi (12 km), while 38% travel more than 8.08 mi (13 km) in each direction.[134]. Several expansion projects are being funded by a transit development sales tax surcharge throughout Miami-Dade County. Low temperatures fall below 50 °F (10 °C) about 10–15 nights during the winter season,[citation needed] after the passage of cold fronts that produce much of the winter rainfall. Telemundo and UniMás have their headquarters in the Miami area. State Number Speaking Only Spanish Percent Speaking Only Spanish 1. Highways including U.S. Route 1, U.S. Route 27, U.S. Route 41, and U.S. Route 441. [87] Like other metro areas in the United States, crime in Miami is localized to specific neighborhoods. Source: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point and sun 1961–1990), National titles (5) — 1983, 1987, 1989, 1991, 2001. While the majority of Miami’s population is Latino and Spanish-speaking, Miami is no more Latino than many border towns — where residents say Spanish isn’t necessary to get by. Inlight of Miami’shistoryand socio-demographicprofile, wecan make thefollowing addi-tionalstatementsabout Miami’ssociolinguistic landscape today.Miamiisarguablythe mostdi-alectally diverse Spanish-speaking city in the world, home to a wide range of historical, Downtown Miami is Florida's largest and most influential central business district, with many major banks, courthouses, financial headquarters, cultural and tourist attractions, schools, parks and a large residential population. Miami and its suburbs are located on a broad plain between the Everglades to the west and Biscayne Bay to the east, which extends from Lake Okeechobee southward to Florida Bay. The 2010 US Census reported that the Hispanic population in Miami accounted for 70% of its total population,[63] with 34.4% of city residents being of Cuban origin, 15.8% had a Central American background (7.2% Nicaraguan, 5.8% Honduran, 1.2% Salvadoran, and 1.0% Guatemalan), 8.7% were of South American descent (3.2% Colombian, 1.4% Venezuelan, 1.2% Peruvian, 1.2% Argentine, 1.0% Chilean and 0.7% Ecuadorian), 4.0% had other Hispanic or Latino origins (0.5% Spaniard), 3.2% descended from Puerto Ricans, 2.4% were Dominican, and 1.5% had Mexican ancestry. During the early 20th century, migrants from the Bahamas and African-Americans constituted 40 percent of the city's population. Miami is the 42nd-most populous city in the United States. One of the busiest international airports in the world, Miami International Airport caters to over 45 million passengers a year. 27.3% of people in Miami had a bachelor's degree or higher. The city currently has the seven tallest (as well as fifteen of top twenty) skyscrapers in the state of Florida, with the tallest being the 868-foot (265 m) Panorama Tower. Univisión Studios is currently headquartered in Miami, and will produce programming for all of Univisión Communications' television networks.[126]. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012", "The Skyscraper Center: Buildings in Miami", "Gross Domestic Product by Metropolitan Area, 2017", "City Mayors: Richest cities in the world", "Welcome To Brickell, Miami's "Wall Street South, "Miami Is The Second Most Popular Destination For International Visitors (And Growing Fast)", "Questions of preservation after ancient village found in downtown Miami", "What's the One Major American City Founded by a Woman? In 2016, it attracted the second-highest number of foreign tourists of any city in the United States, after New York City, and is among the top 20 cities worldwide by international visitor spending. Annual events such as the Miami Open, Art Basel, the Winter Music Conference, the South Beach Wine and Food Festival, and Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Miami attract millions to the metropolis every year. Beginning some 130,000 years ago, the Sangamonian Stage raised sea levels to approximately 25 feet (8 m) above the current level. Miami will be having their first boat-in movie theater on Saturday, July 25, 2020. The Protocol section also became Miami-Dade Aviation Department’s liaison and link to the Consular Corps of Miami. The fictional Vice City, featured in several video games across the Grand Theft Auto series, most notably Grand Theft Auto: Vice City, is based on Miami.[98]. For both recreation and commuting, due to its young age and massive growth exception is Avenue! 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